Pyramids & Structures

Task 1. (5 points)
List some of the extraordinary monuments that were built by the Ancient Egyptians. Provide a brief description of five of them.

Task 2. (15 points)
Draw and label three of your favourite structures. Include floor plans of each structure.

Task 3. (15 points)
Why do you think the pyramids were built? (There may be more than one reason). Why do you think royal families of the New Kingdom preferred to be buried in rock-cut tombs rather than pyramids? What was so special about the pyramids’ location and their shape?

Task 4. (20 points)
How do you think the pyramids were built without any modern equipment such as cranes and computer design programs? What materials were used to construct the pyramids? Why were these materials used and where were they obtained? What problems would they have encountered when building them? How do you think they overcame these problems?

Task 5. (15 points)
Compare and contrast a poor person’s residence to a wealthy person’s residence. How do these buildings compare to modern homes? (What do they have that modern homes do not have and vice versa?)

Task 6. (10 points)
During what periods of time were some of the more important structures built? Who designed them? Who were they built for?

Task 7. (20 points)
Research another society/culture that built monuments such as pyramids. Did they build them for the same reasons as the Ancient Egyptians? Compare their structures to those of the Ancient Egyptians. Include diagrams to show these similarities/differences.

Task 8. (10 points)
What modern problems threaten the survival of monuments like the sphinx? Can you think of any modern structures or engineering techniques that resemble those of the Ancient Egyptians?

Task 9. (25 points)
Build a display of an important structure such as a pyramid or temple from materials of your choosing. (Examples: clay, paper, lego). Try and keep all features to scale.

Task 10. (25 points)
A very rich Ancient Egyptian family has employed you as an architect to design their new villa. Design a floor plan of this villa for them. Label your design carefully, including interior and exterior features, garden designs and furniture. Explain why you have designed the new villa this way on a small card that accompanies your design.

Task 11. (5 points)
The pyramids are an important and lasting symbol of Egyptian culture and civilization. Consider and list other unique monuments and symbols from around the world that have come to represent a culture or country; (the Sydney Opera House for instance).

Task 12. (5 points)
Find out the names of the seven wonders of the ancient world and list them in chronological order. Which ones have survived to our own time?

Task 13. (15 points)
Find out the size of your school grounds by using a measuring tape and/or examining a scale map of your school. Use the scale on the map to measure a separate square of paper representing the area of the Great Pyramid (each side of the pyramid base measures 230.3 metres). Place the square over the school map and note the area it covers. Write a paragraph to explain your findings.

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